Tuesday, 1 November 2016

The Robben Island Shakespeare’s Ethical Leadership Workshop [Wynberg High School Cape Town, South Africa 3 – 7 October 2016]

At Wynberg High School in Cape Town, South Africa, Matthew Hahn was invited by EduCape in association with the Shakespeare in Schools Festival South Africa and supported by the British Council to facilitate a five day interactive theatre workshop for young people that examines current leadership on a personal, community, national and international level.

A group of 11 Grade 11 students [who had previous drama and Shakespeare experience through the Shakespeare in School Festival, South Africa programme] were selected through an application process for their potential for creative and principled leadership. The students came from a variety of backgrounds, with the Chris Hani Arts and Culture School in Khayelitsha township, Islamia College and Wynberg Boys High being among the schools represented.  This new generation of young leaders spent a week of their school holidays learning lessons from the experiences of political prisoners on Robben Island and a variety of Shakespeare’s characters and writng about leadership from their perspective as teenagers living in South Africa in 2016.
The workshop culminated in a performance of selected Shakespearean quotes, extracts from the interviews and new pieces of writing created by the young people.

Student Feedback on the Workshop:
‘I learnt a lot about myself and about ethical leadership, and what it means to lead ethically.’
‘I have an entirely new and different perspective on Shakespeare’s works (for the better), and am very grateful that I got the opportunity to look at and learn about his work with such insight.’ 
‘My fellow grade elevens who attended this workshop with me are some of the greatest students I have ever met, and I look forward to seeing how each and every one of us contribute to making the world a better place by being ethical leaders.’
‘I liked how we got an opportunity to write and discuss our opinions (which were actually listened to and appreciated).’ 
‘I finished the week knowing that I can be a greater leader and had acquired more and strengthened my leadership skills.’
‘The week went very well; it was very exciting. I would like to rate the workshop 10 of 10.  Even the food was good!’
Students’ views on Leadership:
‘I would act as a leader in my own life by first bringing change in my life like doing self-introspection. To change what's bad to good and what's good to much more best and I can also be a leader by making sure that I bring change and keep my promises because leaders with empty promises mislead the world.’
‘This week has helped me get to know to tackle the problems arising in my leadership process.  What makes an ethical leader and how you lead, personally, locally, nationally and internationally.’
‘What I could contribute to South Africa's future is the level of education, the importance of clean environment and the importance of being an ethical leader.’
‘Someone who sees all as equal, and has a good moral compass. By taking initiative and responsibility, as well as being ambitious and inspiring to those around me.’
‘By being strong, but also open-minded and listening to the opinions of others.’
‘By being able to empower others, as well as educate them and be able to make an important decision (based on consideration of all involved).’
‘I have learnt that I am someone who prefers to lead from behind, but also make sure that my view point and opinion is heard. I learnt that leadership is not only about the person leading, but also about those that are being led.’

The course is designed to examine selected speeches of Shakespeare and the primary interviews with former political prisoners on Robben Island in their treatment of the issue of ethical leadership as well as to develop the themes of the balance of power, the use and abuse of leadership, the adjustment to political and social change and the complexity of society that is present in each.  Each speaks eloquently about the vaulting ambition necessary in leadership but also of the selfish & destructive nature that this ambition of political leaders can sometimes take.  The purpose is to define the practices of ethical leadership, briefly share some of Shakespeare’s and the former political prisoners’ lessons on leadership, and offer some applications for ethical leadership development.  
The course is targeted at young people & their educators within and outside of the education system in South Africa.  It can be run in a community centre or within an educational setting and can be scaled up as needed due to the module basis of the work.  The course can consist of practical drama workshops, seminars, creative writing tutorials, lectures, self-study and opportunities for reflection as well as forward thinking.  The teaching methods for the course are highly participative and interactive in which the learners are acknowledged experts in their own lives and experiences.  


·         Indicate how the theme of leadership is developed in Shakespeare’s plays.
·         Review the current situation of your own behaviour around leadership.
·         Review the current situation of those in leadership roles [personal, local, national & international].
·         Explore the interviews with the former political prisoners and how they view leadership.
·         Explore how to make positive behaviour changes your own behaviour around leadership.
·         Show those with power to change laws or practice around leadership positive behaviour changes.
·         Create Ethical Leaders: ‘Be the change you want to see’

Course’s Objectives (Learning Outcomes):

Knowledge and understanding of
·         How Shakespeare and the former political prisoners explore concepts of leadership.
·         How our own behaviour can be positively changed around leadership.
Current practice of leadership and its critique.
·         Empowering those not in a position of leadership to take on those roles or to influence those in leadership positions.

The impetus behind the creation of this course:

I have had the great honour to interview several former political prisoners who have become South African MPs, ANC National Executive Committee members and contributors to the development of a democratic South Africa – all whose impact on today's South Africa is enormous. From these most humble of men come gems of great leadership qualities.  The importance of citizenship and one's ability to make positive social change were at the forefront of every interview.  I see this course as a wonderful opportunity to use the former political prisoners’ chosen Shakespearian quotes along with their interviews to develop current and future ethical leaders.